What is pollination?

Pollination occurs when pollen is moved within flowers or carried from flower to flower by pollinating animals or by the wind. The transfer of pollen between flowers of the same species leads to fertilisation, and successful seed and fruit production for plants.  Pollination ensures that the plant will produce full-bodied fruit and viable seeds. For crop producers, this means good yields of high quality produce, for consumers, it means the availability of a range of fruit and vegetables at an affordable price, and for the wider environment, it means a healthy ecosystem.

As pollinators feed on pollen and nectar, they inevitably get some pollen on their bodies; when the pollinator moves to the next flower to feed, some of this pollen brushes off onto the new flower. In this way, pollen can be transferred from plant to plant.

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